Leptotrichosis is a disease, which may be caused by a number of potentially pathogenic bacteria. It is characterized by white bumps on throat and possible absence of other symptoms. Leptotrichosis develops at the setting of immune deficiency and requires complex treatment, which is, however, little effective. The best way to treat this disease is finding out the underlying cause with the help of a specialist, and making best efforts to eliminate or at least compensate it.
Detection of sharpened hard formations (white bumps on throat) on the folds of the mucous surface of tonsils testifies to leptotrichosis. This disease is referred to as a variety of pharyngomycosis (fungal infection of throat), even though Leptothrix is not considered to be fungus, but a bacteria with filamentous configuration. Such a structure together with some other peculiarities makes these micro organisms similar to yeast.
What are white bumps on throat?
First of all, bumps do not contain matter. They appear in the form of flat keratinized epithelium of lymphoid tissue. That is to say, such bumps actually form from the surface of tonsils and follicles of the back wall of the throat.
When does this happen? In fact, Leptothrix bacteria are present in all peoples’ oral cavities. But in some cases, especially in people with weakened immune system, they may lead to certain diseases: Among the most vulnerable groups are:
- Patients with diabetes mellitus;
- People with systemic diseases of blood;
- People with oncological diseases;
- Patients with disorders of the digestive tract, especially ones, who have intestinal dysbacteriosis;
- HIV positive people;
- People, who had been taking antibiotics or corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory hormonal drugs) for a long period of time;
- Patients with deficiency of vitamins B and C.
Symptoms accompanying white bumps on throat
Leptotrichosis bumps usually do not involve any complaints and thus they can be detected quite unexpectedly during a regular examination to an otolaryngologist.
Sometimes they are being confused with lacunar tonsillitis. However, it is very easy to differentiate these two diseases – the first case does not involve pain at swallowing or high body temperature. Leptotrichosis features minimal set of symptoms – optional non-acute “scratching” in the throat, possibly fits of non-productive cough. The last symptom may be observed in case the bumps have epiglottic location.
An important characteristic feature of pharyngokeratosis (another name of the disease) is frequent combination with Candida yeast, which is also known for favoring the setting of immune deficiency. In this case white bumps on throat are complemented with commissural cheilitis (“bridoes”) – glossitis (infection of the tongue).
For accurate interpretation of the diagnosis it is required to visit a clinic, where a sample of bumps will be examined under a microscope to find out whether or not it contains an abundance of Leptothrix bacteria.
Can white bumps on throat be treated?
Unfortunately, rather laborious treatment of leptotrichosis often appears to be ineffective. There are registered cases of spontaneous regression of the disease in some patients, while the rest of patients require long-term and thoroughly planned therapy, prescribed by a doctor.
Conservative means include rinsing the lacunae after bumps and gargling of throat with special antiseptic solutions for up to 3-4 months, which nevertheless, does not provide for absolute recovery. More radical methods include cryodestruction of bumps (freezing) and laser removal. Taking action against the underlying cause, aimed at its compensation is an indispensable part of treatment.
In any case, having white bumps on throat is an alerting symptom. Even complete absence of complaints does not guarantee their non-threatening nature, since the development of infection testifies to weakened immune system. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures against it, which should be done together with an otolaryngologist and an immunologist.